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In structuralism approach it identifies structures system of relationships.  It composed of the binary opposition, narrative theory and some figurative language used under metaphor and metonymy.  It maybe poetic or prosaic how did expressed by the writer.

In Aesop Fables there is always binary opposition to the characters, it maybe the force, situation or their characteristics.  For the story of Hare and Tortoise, the binary opposition there is their skills, speedy versus sluggish. The Hare characterized as fast moving while the tortoise known as being slowness on his moved. The other one is the hardworking ant versus the easy going grasshopper, where in this story the ants saving their food in preparing for winter season. Unlike the grasshopper, just enjoying the summer season and not thinking for the winter comes.  In the Goose that Laid the Golden Egg their manner are the binary oppositions.  The man and wife refer for being greedy and the goose for being generous to them.  The next story is the wind and the sun where the sun refers to warmth temperature and wind refers to blustery weather where they contradicting their strength to win.  And last fable is about the Lion and the Mouse, in which the lion classify as big and fierce animals while the mouse is small and tame animals, their characteristics classify us their binary oppositions.

The narrative theory of those Aesop fables had always a moral lesson to learn.  Like it express in the Hare and the Tortoise, “Slow and steady wins the race”.  As it happened when the two animals agreed to race to see who’s the fastest of them.  But the hare is too confident about herself so she takes a nap for her mind she could overtake the tortoise.  While the hare over sleeping herself the tortoise went off joggling along without moments of stopping. When hare awaken, she seen the tortoise had got in before her. It simply connote us that every trials in our life if we had perseverance we defeat all of this together with a right decision.

In the Ant and the Grasshopper it states the moral lesson of “Save while you are young or you’ll have nothing when you are old”.  As it happened now more youth’s are not preparing for their future, as you can see their lifestyle now.  The objective of this is we make conscious to our future because not each day we have something to expense for our living.  The next fable is about The Goose that laid the Golden Egg where the man and his wife owned this very special goose.  The moral lesson here is “Too much greed results in nothing”. Yes, it’s true it is a blessing for the couple to have that kind of goose, laying golden eggs it means you have source of wealth that you can used to live a lot.  But because you’re not contented and desiring more you’re blessing resulted in nothing.

In The Wind and the Sun it teaches us that it’s not always force to identify you’re the stronger as the moral lesson states “Gentle persuasion is stronger than force”. When the wind blew strong gusts of air the man still tight his coat against the wind and when the suns turn, he gently sent his beams upon the man and suddenly man became so warm that he took off his coat.  And the last fable is about The Lion and the Mouse in which the moral lesson tell us “Kindness is a good thing for all of us to practice, no matter how big or small we are”. The lion known as being wild animals listen to the mouse request that free him so that if the lion will call for help he will do the same.  So in return to his kindness the mouse help the lion in time of need.

The modified narrative function of those Aesop fables is always to give us the values of the story and how it be resolved by the characters.  In the hare and the tortoise, the hare realized that too confident in herself make her fool, so give importance to the capability of others.  For Grasshopper, while there is time look forward to have better future because time is gold.  In the Goose fables, the couples realized that miracles happened once so better take care about it.  Meanwhile in the Wind and the Sun they conceded that great force is not an idealist to win, it has some certain of techniques like the sun did.  And for the last one the Lion and the mouse, the two resolve their situation by give and take their demands and being helpful to one another.

In certain sentences the Aesop fables seen some figurative language to express more ideas of the story.  The statements of the hare “you shall soon see what my feet are made of” in the Hare and Tortoise.  It may refer to us that what kind of her feet that she can run fast.  Another is “a whole colony” where it reflects as the whole community of the ants doing together in the fables of The Ant and the Grasshopper. In the Goose that laid the Golden Egg, “Lay a Golden Egg” this phrase refers to a treasure; the writers used the goose to means of golden egg which the couples make for living.

All of these fables narrate us what it happened in real world and most of the time they just used the animal character to understand the purpose of author.

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